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Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky

Smart Grid Roadmap and Solar PV Integration

Radial distribution test feeder based on the IEEE 37-node test feeder.Phase A voltage variations observed at nodes 703 and 734 with and without local control with 450 kW PV systems at nodes 727, 732, and 736.

Liao, M. Turner, Y. Du, “Development of a Smart Grid Roadmap for Kentucky”, Electric Power Components and Systems Journal, Feb 2014, DOI:

E.APaaso, Y. Liao, A. M. Cramer, “Dual-layer Voltage and VAR Control Approach with Active Participation from Distributed Solar Generations”, Electric Power Components and Systems Journal, May 2015, DOI: