PEIK Researchers Participate in the Online IEEE ECCE 2021 Congress and Report on Government and Industry Sponsored Research
October 20, 2021
Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky (PEIK) and University of Kentucky (UK) College of Engineering faculty, Drs. Jiangbiao He and Dan M. Ionel, together with PhD students and candidates Yaser Chulaee, Majid Fard, Huangjie Gong, Murat Gurhan Kesgin, Pranoy Roy, and Yibin Zhang, participated in this year's edition of the large IEEE ECCE Congress. The papers presented, which were published in the conference proceedings, also include co-author contributions from other PEIK faculty, Dr. Aaron Cramer, and PhD students Evan Jones, Donovin Lewis, and recent graduate, Dr. Damien Lawhorn.
The research reported covers topics of special electric machines: ultra-high power density and coreless PCB axial flux, bearing currents, energy storage, smart buildings and grids, electric aircraft propulsion drives, and multiport converters for solar-wind hybrid renewable energy systems. Projects have been supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), U.S. Department of Education, NASA-KY EPSCoR, Ansys, Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), Regal Beloit Corporation, and QM Power.
Drs. He and Ionel also served as session chairs on topics of transportation electrification, power electronics converters, and smart buildings and energy management systems, and Dr. He was a co-instructor for a 3-hour tutorial on “Hybrid Semiconductor Switches based Power Modules, Converters, and Systems”. The Energy Conversion Congress and Exhibition (ECCE) is the largest annual joint event of the IEEE Industry Applications and IEEE Power Electronics Societies, which typically attracts approximately 2,000 attendees. The event was originally scheduled for Vancouver, Canada and has been organized on-line due to pandemic conditions.
October 18, 2021
The University of Kentucky (UK) has entered into an agreement with its electricity provider, Kentucky Utilities Company (KU), to purchase 44% of the output of a new 125-megawatt (MW) solar facility. KU and its sister utility, Louisville Gas and Electric Company (LG&E), have now filed the contracts for the project with the Kentucky Public Service Commission. The facility is planned for McCracken County, near Paducah, and is expected to be online in 2025. Once operational, this solar facility will provide approximately one-third of the electricity consumed by the campus. Purchasing power from renewable sources also diversifies the mix of fuels the university relies on for electricity and this boosts the resilience of campus utility systems.
Integrating the operations of the campus with the academic experience of students and faculty is a high priority at UK. Utilization of the campus and campus operations as a classroom and lab is recognized nationally as a high-impact practice that enhances student success. This initiative is a strong example of this commitment. More details are available from the UKnow news and from the UK sustainability goals and initiatives webpage.
At UK, PEIK has an ongoing close collaboration with LG&E and KU on multi-year research projects for the integration of large solar PV in electric power systems. Joint studies were published in technical conference proceedings and journals on topics of renewable energy penetration, solar PV farms, and multi-MW battery operation for energy storage, including an IEEE award winning paper. The UK students, who pursue the PEIK certificate in power and energy, one of the largest of its kind in the UK College of Engineering, continue to benefit of scholarships established through the E.On endowment set up on behalf of Kentucky Utilities. Collaboration also includes teachings activities, classes with field visits, lectures and seminars by LG&E and KU experts, as well as joint participation in high impact outreach events. More details on the collaboration are available, for example, in this year’s news featured on this PEIK website and in last year’s annual report, which is available online.
L. Stanley Pigman Long-time Supporter and Advisor of PEIK Inducted in the UK Hall of Distinguished Alumni
October 4, 2021
L. Stanley Pigman, an entrepreneur from Wilmington, NC, and a longtime strong supporter and advisor of the Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky (PEIK), has been inducted into the University of Kentucky (UK) Hall of Distinguished Alumni. Mr. Pigman was a first-generation college student who studied at UK on an engineering scholarship and graduated in 1981 with a BS in Mining Engineering. He began his early professional career as a project engineer with a new mining company, Sierra Coal, a subsidiary of General Electric. Later in 1992, he joined two colleagues to form Sugar Camp Coal. Eventually, Mr. Pigman formed his own company, Pigman Coal Sales, providing sales services to an independently owned start-up company for a new mining project in western Kentucky. He built several more businesses that own and lease coal properties, then relocated his company headquarters to High Point, NC.
At UK, his generous support included the establishment of the endowment for the L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power and for the L. Stanley Pigman Junior Faculty Fellow, sponsorship for the UK Solar Car, and donations for laboratory and SPARK group developments. Mr. Pigman and his wife, Karen, promote engineering and technology to high school students by supporting programs such as Project Lead the Way and, recently, by committing funding for 16 new high school chapters of the Kentucky Technology Student Association. The Pigman Scholars program at UK now provides scholarships for 70 undergraduate engineering students annually. The students who graduated with BS moved on to good careers in industry and utilities or some continued for PhD studies at UK, including those who were awarded prestigious fellowships from the National Science Foundation (NSF), the Department of Education (DoEd), and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
Mr. Pigman Pigman sits on the UK College of Engineering Dean’s Advisory Council, the Mining Engineering Foundation, the President’s Capital Campaign Committee and the UK College of Engineering Capital Campaign Committee. He was inducted in the UK College of Engineering Hall of Distinction in 2009 and was awarded a UK Honorary Degree of Humane Letters in 2017. The new induction in the UK Hall of Distinguished Alumni recognizes Mr. Pigman’s significant contributions to the field of power and energy and for supporting various programs that provide better access to education in engineering.
SPARK Lab Extends Research on Innovative Electric Machines with QM Power Company
September 29, 2021
The SPARK Laboratory, which is affiliated with the Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky (PEIK) and operates within the Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Department at the University of Kentucky (UK) College of Engineering, has recently extended its collaboration with QM Power, Inc, a start-up company, the research of which is supported by substantial private investment and by the Department of Energy (DOE). The collaborative project focuses at UK SPARK on advanced large-scale optimization of innovative electric machines based on QMP patented concepts.
SPARK and QM Power have also collaborated for the last two years on another project supported by DOE for the development of an electric machines for electric vehicles with a record high specific power of 50kW per liter. Results from the successful preliminary testing of a laboratory prototype will be published in a joint paper and presented this October at the IEEE Energy Conversion Congress and Exhibition, which is the largest joint technical event of the IEEE Power Electronics and Industry Applications Societies.
Dr. Dan M. Ionel, ECE Professor and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, Director of the SPARK Lab and of the PEIK Institute, will serve at UK as the principal investigator (PI) for the project leading a team of researchers. At QM Power, Drs. Madhav Manjrekar and Somasundaram Essakiappan will serve as the technical project leads, reporting to Mr. Tom Stepien, CEO of QM Power, Inc.
PEIK and EE Faculty JiangBiao He, Awarded New NSF Project to Research Smart Electric Motor-Drive Systems
September 29, 2021
JiangBiao He, PEIK Faculty and L. Stanley Pigman Faculty Fellow in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, has received a new award from the US National Science Foundation (NSF). The project is titled “Collaborative Research: Smart Coils for AC Motors,” and will be a collaboration with Kansas State University. It will be funded in the total amount of nearly $500,000 over three years. In this project, UK serves as the lead organization and Dr. He serves as the PI at UK.
Electric motors, generally powered by variable-speed drives, have been broadly used in electric vehicles, airplanes, robotics, industry automations and others. The new generation of fast-switching variable-speed drives induce significant insulation stress on the motor windings due to impedance mismatch and the associated high-frequency surge voltages. This project aims to develop smart coils’ technology for AC motors, which adaptively changes the winding surge impedance by manipulating the high-frequency components of the line voltages output from the drives. This collaborative research can significantly impact mobile energy technologies such as electric vehicles, electric aircraft, and robotics, where high reliability and high energy efficiency of electric motor-drive systems is the high priority.
Dr. He joined the UK Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering in January 2019 after multiple years of industry R&D experience at GE Global Research and Rockwell Automation. His research interest includes power electronics, motor drives, renewable energy and smart grid.
Learn more about his research at his lab website.
Donovin D. Lewis is Awarded the Otis A. Singletary Graduate Fellowship and Starts EE PhD Program at UK
September 14, 2021
Donovin D. Lewis, a recent Electrical Engineering (EE) Bachelor of Science (BS) and undergraduate PEIK certificate graduate, was awarded the Otis A. Singletary Graduate Fellowship for the 2021-2022 academic year. This fellowship honors Otis A. Singletary, the eighth president of the University of Kentucky (UK), who advocated for increased student participation in university affairs and developed greater trust and respect between students and university administration. The award was established by the Board of Directors of the University of Kentucky Athletics Association and is the highest attainable graduate fellowship offered by the UK Graduate School.
Over the summer, Donovin, continued to serve as the electrical chief engineer for the UK Solar Car team who became national champions for the Formula Sun Grand Prix and national vice-champions for the American Solar Challenge, as covered in recent PEIK and UK news. Donovin's leading technical contributions benefited greatly of the technical knowledge on electric vehicles, and reliability of power electronic systems gained as part of two NASA REUs in the previous academic year at UK.
Donovin, who grew up in Kentucky, was a University Scholars Program student integrating his BS and PhD studies at UK, where he was the recipient of a William C. Parker Scholarship and received many student awards and recognitions. In the spring, he has been awarded a most prestigious National Science Foundation (NSF) Graduate Research Fellowship, one of the only 48 granted this year nationwide for EE. Recently, Donovin started collaboration with the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) on topics of electrification of transportation, electric vehicle charging and power system integration. He continues for PhD at UK, where he found an excellent academic environment, and continues to be directly advised by Dr. Dan M. Ionel, FIEEE, ECE Professor, L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, SPARK Lab and PEIK Director.
September 7, 2021
Rosemary E. Alden, a recent Electrical Engineering (EE) Bachelor and Science (BS) and undergraduate PEIK certificate graduate, received the Undergraduate Student Award - Second Prize at the 2020 IEEE Power and Energy Society (PES) General Meeting (GM). The conference, which is the flagship annual event of PES, one of the largest societies within IEEE, typically gathers more than 2,500 participants. This is the second year in a row Rosemary has been awarded at IEEE PES GM for her undergraduate research work. As per her IEEE mentors, this is nothing short of a record for an extremely competitive international event.
The award-winning poster, “Artificial Intelligence-based Short Term Electric Load Forecasts for Smart Homes including HVAC, EWH, and PV Components ”, has an author's version posted on the publications page of the SPARK website. The research covered was conducted as part of an NSF REU supplement on a collaborative NSF project led at University of Kentucky (UK) by CS and ECE and PEIK faculty, Drs. Simone Silvestri and Dan M. Ionel, and at Marquette University by Dr. Cris Ababei.
Rosemary, who grew up in Kentucky, was a University Scholars Program student integrating her BS and PhD studies at UK, where she was a L. Stanley Pigman Scholar and received many student awards and recognitions. In the spring, she has awarded a most prestigious National Science Foundation (NSF) Graduate Research Fellowship, one of the only 48 granted this year nationwide for EE. Over the summer, she had a remote internship with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL). Rosemary will continue her PhD studies at UK, where she found an excellent academic environment, and continues to be directly advised by Dr. Dan M. Ionel, FIEEE, ECE Professor, L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, SPARK Lab and PEIK Director.
IEEE 2021 PES GM Conference - PEIK Presents on Federal, Industry, and Utility Sponsored Research Projects
September 3, 2021
Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky (PIEK) faculty, recent graduates, and students from the ECE Department in the College or Engineering at University of Kentucky (UK), participated in this year's edition of the IEEE Power and Energy Society (PES) General Meeting (GM), and presented the following papers and posters:
- Gong, H., Akeyo, O. M., Rooney, T., Branecky, B., and Ionel, D. M., "Aggregated Generic Load Curve for Residential Electric Water Heaters"
- Alden, R. E., Ababei, C., and Ionel, D. M., “Artificial Intelligence-based Short-term Electric Load Forecasts for Experimental Smart Homes including HVAC, EWH, and PV Components”
- Jones, E. S., and Ionel, D. M., “Co-simulation of Electric Power Distributions and Buildings with EnergyPlus and OpenDSS”
- Bankes, G., Akeyo, O. M., and Ionel, D. M., “Large-Scale Solar PV and Battery Energy Storage Model Study on a Proposed Benchmark Transmission System”
- Gong, H., Alden, R. E., and Ionel, D. M., “Home Energy Management System for Coordinated PV and HVAC Controls based on AI Forecasting”.
The presentations reported on main technical findings and the very good progress made on research projects sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF), Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Education (DoEd), and directly by industry, A. O. Smith, and utilities, LG&E and KU, and TVA. The presentations were very well received, and Rosemary E. Alden was awarded a prize for her poster. Authors’ versions of the manuscripts are available online from the SPARK Lab publications web page. Due to pandemic restrictions, the very large event, which typically attracts thousands of participants as the flagship conference of IEEE PES, took place online.
PEIK Sponsored UK Solar Car Team are National Champions!
August 23, 2021
The University of Kentucky (UK) Solar Car team are now national champions after claiming 1st place in the track-style 2021 Formula Sun Grand Prix (FSGP) race this past July 30th-August 1st. In the photo, the team and their car, Gato Del Sol VI, are placed in their final podium positions ahead of the second and third placed groups from MIT and University of Illinois Urbana-Champaign. Other team participants from the US included large colleges of Engineering such as University of California Berkeley, Georgia Tech, and Minnesota. The Formula Sun Grand Prix (FSGP) is an annual track competition that is held on grand prix or road style closed courses for custom-designed and built solar electric vehicles to test them in overall reliability, vehicle handling, energy efficiency and strategy. UK’s current car, Gato Del Sol VI completed first the 250 laps accounting for 625 miles in this year track race.
The UK Solar Car Team are also national vice-champions for the American Solar Challenge (ASC), which took place August 3rd-8th, having completed the approximately 970-mile road race fully under the car's own power. The UK team also received the "Most Improved" award for continuous development in design, construction, and racing of solar PV electric vehicles over the past 10 years. These are outstanding achievements in the long standing tradition of the UK Solar Car team that provides hands-on experience with engineering design and development for power and energy generation and efficient vehicle operation. The PEIK logo is proudly displayed on the UK Solar Car and its continued support is gratefully acknowledged.
CS and PEIK Undergraduate Student, Jackson Codispoti, Reports on NSF REU Research in ACM's Transactions on Cyber-Physical Systems Paper
August 20, 2021
Jackson Codispoti, a Computer Science Senior and NSF REU student, will have a paper published in an upcoming edition of the Association for Computing Machinery’s Transactions on Cyber-Physical Systems. This represents an outstanding achievement for such a junior researcher. PEIK and Computer Science professor, Dr. Simone Silvestri is Jackson’s faculty advisor, and co-author to the paper, together with postdoctoral researcher Dr. Atieh R. Khamesi. The publication marks continued success with research supported by the NSF REU supplement that includes an expansion of Dr. Silvestri’s NSF Career award received earlier this year.
The paper, "Learning from Non-Experts: An Interactive and Adaptive Learning Approach for Appliance Recognition in Smart Homes", focuses on the problem of appliance recognition from electric signatures collected by a smart outlet. The proposed approach combines stream based active learning and K-nearest-neighbor based classification to simultaneously learn the user engagement and the appliance signatures. Jackson led the design of the machine learning methods as well as the development of an Arduino-based smart outlet to collect the signatures.
August 19, 2021
Jeffrey Seay, PEIK Faculty and Chemical Engineering Professor at the University of Kentucky College of Engineering Extended Campus at Paducah (UK Paducah), has collaborated with partners in numerous countries, including Ethiopia, Senegal, Uganda and India, on research that has resulted in a device capable of converting waste plastic into clean fuel oil.
The Trash-to-Tank (3T) Processor is an open-source creation produced by Dr. Seay’s nonprofit organization, Engineers for Sustainable Energy Solutions (ESES). The plastic-derived fuel oil (PDFO) yielded by the 3T Processor is clean, safe and easy to transport. ESES is working with Upcycle Africa Limited in Mpigi, Uganda, to train residents how to assemble and use the 3T Processor. In addition to being used as a cooking fuel, the 3T Processor can also produce diesel fuel for household or farm equipment.
While ESES is an independent nonprofit organization, numerous past and present UK students are involved in its mission. UK Paducah undergraduate researchers play a big role in enhancing the processor’s performance. This technology, developed at the UK Paducah campus, will impact people around the world.
August 18, 2021
The UK College of Engineering awarded 19 E.ON Scholarships for PEIK to eligible students who demonstrated strong interest in power and energy studies. These annual scholarships continue to be supported by the endowment established years ago at UK by E.ON, on behalf of Kentucky Utilities Company (KU). The scholarships provide recipients between $2,000 and $3,000 annually and may also grant an additional $2,000 for use on a power and energy-related study abroad trip during the school year or the following summer.
KU and Louisville Gas and Electric Company (LG&E) continue to be strong supporters of UK and PEIK teaching, research, and outreach programs. For more information on the Undergraduate Certificate in Power and Energy scholarships, visit the PEIK website [PEIK Undergraduate Certificate Webpage] and [PEIK Scholarship Webpage].
The photo used for illustration was taken during a 2018 on-campus PEIK seminar. Lonnie Bellar, Chief Operating Officer for LG&E and KU, presented during the in-person event, which attracted a very large audience of students and regional professional community and was the last seminar held before the pandemic onset.
August 17, 2021
PEIK faculty and Materials Science professor, Y.T. Cheng, recently appeared on local NPR station, WEKU, to discuss President Biden’s electric vehicle goal. The goal, for electric vehicles to be 40 to 50 percent of vehicles purchases by 2030, would be quite an increase from the current number of 2%. Dr. Cheng discussed several factors that could help increase the use of electric vehicles such as more government infrastructure and the declining cost of battery manufacturing. Finally, Dr. Cheng noted that the environmental impact of electric vehicle adoption will depend on where the electricity for the batteries is being generated.
You can read and listen to the full story here.
Eastern Kentucky High School Students Attending the Pigman Scholars Camp at UK Visit with PEIK and SPARK
August 10, 2021
More than 50 high school students from across Eastern Kentucky had the opportunity to visit UK’s campus for the first time during the Pigman Scholars Camp. The program, funded by L. Stanley Pigman and his wife Karen, is a four-day event that brings prospective students to UK’s campus for tours, information sessions, and hands-on engineering activities. The Pigman Scholars Camp also encourages students to apply for an L. Stanley Pigman Scholarship if they pursue engineering studies at UK. The need-based scholarships are renewable up to four years and the annual amounts to be given range from $1,000 - $15,000. More details are available on the UK and College of Engineering websites.
In the group photo, taken at the entrance of the newly renovated Grehan building, Mr. and Mrs. Pigman are in the center at the top of the stairs. Their most generous contributions and donations for the power and energy program at UK include a chair endowment, the support for the national champion UK solar car team, advanced equipment for the new SPARKS labs in the Grehan building, support and mentorship of many students over the years. At the center on the ground row, from left to right, are three Pigman scholars and SPARK Lab students advised by Dr. Dan M. Ionel, L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power and PEIK Director: Rosemary Alden, now an incoming PhD student and NSF GR Fellow, Evan Jones, a PhD student and DoEd GAANN Fellow, and Hope Anderson, a NASA REU undergraduate student. The three of them guided tours of the labs, meet with the young visitors, discussed, and shared from their own successful experience at UK.
More information can be found at the UK College of Engineering and UK websites.
August 9, 2021
Electrical Engineering and PEIK Faculty Dr. JiangBiao He, received the 2021 Zucker Faculty Grant for his proposal titled “'High-Reliability Electric Propulsion Drives based on Digital Twin Technologies”. This new project aims to enhance the reliability of electric propulsion drive systems with digital twin technologies, a virtual multi-physics modeling representation that serves as the real-time digital counterpart of a physical propulsion system. The electric propulsion drive is the core component in electric transportation systems, including electric vehicles, airplanes, and ships, and improving the reliability of the propulsion drives will be of paramount importance. Contributions from this project will establish a cost-effective, accurate and robust reliability improvement framework for modern electric propulsion systems.
The Myron Zucker Faculty Grant Program was established within the IEEE Foundation by the IEEE Awards Board in 1987. It is administered by the IEEE Industry Applications Society through its Zucker Grant Committee. Every year, only two research projects are selected from the global Industry Applications Society that has more than 14,000 members.
PEIK Reports Success with Many Undergraduate Certificates Issued
June 25, 2021
Over the last academic year, 2020-2021, UK awarded 45 students with the Undergraduate Certificate in Power and Energy (PEIK). The program leading to the certificate consists of a series of foundational courses supplemented by a broad array of elective courses related to power and energy developed to prepare the students for a successful career in industry and the electric utilities. The PEIK certificate program has been initiated in 2010 with funding from the Department of Energy (DOE) and continues its growing activity with direct support from UK, industry, utilities, and private donors.
The photo used for illustration was taken at the UK December 2019 Commencement Ceremony before the COVID-19 pandemic. At UK, plans are in progress to return to normal operations in the Fall 2021 semester. Additionally, the university plans for classes to be conducted mostly in person, with classrooms at full capacity. Events on campus will also return to full capacity in Fall 2021.
The list of majors for the students who were issued the certificate this year includes Electrical and Computer Engineering, Chemical and Materials Engineering, and Mechanical Engineering. Dr. Joseph Sottile, ECE and MNG Professor, serves as the Director of the Undergraduate PEIK certificate.
PEIK Researchers Report on NSF, NASA, DOE, and Industry Sponsored Projects at IEEE Online Conferences
June 24, 2021
Power Energy Institute of Kentucky (PIEK) students from the ECE Department in the College or Engineering at University of Kentucky (UK), recent graduates, and researchers participated in this year edition of the International Conference on Electrification of Transportation, ITEC 2021, and presented the papers:
- Lawhorn, D., Han, P., Lewis, D., Chulaee, Y., and Ionel, D. M., “On the Design of Coreless Permanent Magnet Machines for Electric Aircraft Propulsion”
- Gong, H., and Ionel, D. M., “Combined Use of EV Batteries and PV Systems for Improving Building Resilience to Blackouts”.
In May, the group took part in the International Conference on Electrical Machines and Drives, IEMDC 2021, with papers and presentations:
- Kesgin, M. G., Han, P., Lawhorn, D., and Ionel, D. M., "Analysis of Torque Production in Axial-flux Vernier PM Machines of the MAGNUS Type
- Zhang, Y., Lawhorn, D. L., Han, P., and Ionel, D. M., “Integrated AC to AC Converters for Single-phase Input to Two-phase Output Motor Drives”
- Han, P., Heins, G., Zhang, Y., and Ionel, D.M., “Integrated Modular Motor Drives Based on Multiphase Axial-flux PM Machines with Fractional-slot Concentrated Windings”.
The papers cover main technical findings and the very good progress made on research projects sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Department of Energy (DOE), and directly by industry. Due to pandemic restrictions, the two large conferences organized by the IEEE took place online. Authors’ manuscript versions of the papers are available online from the SPARK Lab website.
Damien Lawhorn, EE and PEIK Student Completes NASA Graduate Fellowship Research and Receives PhD in Electrical Engineering
May 10, 2021
Damien Lawhorn, an electrical engineering (EE) PhD student and a NASA KY Graduate Fellow, has successfully defended his dissertation. His PhD advisor was Dr. Dan M. Ionel, EE Professor and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, Director of the SPARK Lab and of the PEIK Institute. The UK Ph.D. committee included Drs. Aaron Cramer, Gabriel Dadi, James Lumpp, and Joseph Sottile.
Damien, who was born and grew up in Liberty, Casey County, KY, graduated with a BS in EE from UK in May 2017. He continued directly for PhD studies at UK, initially as a L. Stanley Pigman graduate scholar, and since January 2018 as a NASA KY Graduate Fellow on three consecutive research projects assignments on topics of electric power components and systems for aircraft. He spent the summers with the NASA Glenn Research Center (GRC), contributing as an intern to the development of motor drives for NASA's first all-electric aircraft, the X-57 Maxwell, as well as to advancements toward MW hybrid-electric propulsion systems. During the academic semesters, Damien’s research took place at UK in the SPARK Lab and funding was provided by NASA KY grants for which Drs. Ionel, Cramer, and Lumpp, served as PI and Co-PIs, respectively.
Damien is a founder and a leading member of the Kentucky Organization of Robotics and Automation (KORA), a multidisciplinary student-led club, which has competed in a NASA driven national competition, and Executive Committee member of the UK IEEE PES and IAS student chapter. Upon PhD graduation, he will move to Houston to work in collaboration with the NASA Johnson Space Center on advanced electronics projects as part of the Space Exploration Systems Group within Jacobs Engineering.
Due to pandemic restrictions the PhD defense was held online, and the public section of the presentation was attended by internationally distinguished academics, colleagues and friends, and family. The full PhD dissertation will be available online from the UKnowledge repository. Examples of Damien’s research concepts and results include those from the journal paper "Multi-objective Optimization for Aircraft Power Systems using a Network Graph Representation", recently published in IEEE Transactions on Transportation Electrification. Other publications, together with an event note for the online PhD defense, and a short bio are available from the SPARK Lab website.
Rosemary Alden and Donovin Lewis, EE SPARK and PEIK Students Awarded Prestigious National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowships
April 16, 2021
Rosemary Alden and Donovin Lewis, electrical engineering, PEIK and SPARK Lab students, have been awarded National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowships (NSF GRF). The two students are featured in the center of the photo during a recent celebratory ZOOM friendly meeting with their SPARK Lab group. The NSF GRF is very competitive and attracts typically more than 12,000 applications annually for all topics of science and engineering. This year, only 48 fellowships were awarded nationwide for electrical engineering. The NSF GRF provides student stipend, tuition, and research support for the duration of the doctoral studies.
Rosemary, who grew up in Nicholasville, KY, is an L. Stanley Pigman Scholar, a national IEEE PES Scholarship Plus Initiative recipient, the Chair of the IEEE PES & IAS Student Chapter at UK and received many other awards and recognitions. She has been an NSF REU student for the last year and has been an Undergraduate Research Fellow in the SPARK Lab since 2018. Donovin, who grew up in Paducah, KY, is the recipient of William C. Parker, Kentucky Educational Excellence, and national IEEE PES Plus scholarships, the electrical engineering lead of the UK Solar Car Team and received many other awards and recognitions. He has been a NASA REU student for the last year and has been an Undergraduate Research Fellow in the SPARK Lab since 2019.
Rosemary and Donovin are both University Scholars Program (USP) students and are scheduled to graduate with a BS in May. They plan to intern over the summer with the National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) and the Oakridge National Laboratory (ORNL), respectively, on their main research topics of smart homes and grids and electrification of transportation, before continuing their USP at UK in the fall with PhD studies and research in the SPARK Lab.
In the photo, among the other SPARK students, at the lower right corner is Akeyo Oluwaseun, who recently graduated with a PhD and now works on the analysis of renewable energy integration with Sargent & Lundy, one of the world’s largest power systems consulting firms. Next to him is Damien Lawhorn, who is a NASA KY Graduate Fellow and is scheduled to soon defend his PhD dissertation before moving to Houston to work in collaboration with the NASA Johnson Space Center as part of the Space Exploration Systems Group within Jacobs Engineering. Short bios for all the SPARK students are available at https://sparklab.engr.uky.edu/people. All students are advised by Dr. Dan M. Ionel, Professor of Electrical Engineering, the L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, and the Director of the SPARK Laboratory and of the PEIK Institute at the University of Kentucky.
April 8, 2021
On Wednesday, April 7, 2021, Aron Patrick, Manager of Technology Research and Analysis at Louisville Gas and Electric and Kentucky Utilities (LG&E and KU), was a featured presenter for a PEIK Distinguished Speaker online seminar. The presentation, “Kentucky’s Clean Energy Successes, Opportunities, and Challenges”, discussed Kentucky’s success in meeting carbon emissions targets, as well as LG&E and KU’s commitment to developing new clean energy technologies to go beyond current reduction goals. Based on available data, Kentucky has demonstrated reduced carbon dioxide emissions below the Obama-era Clean Power Plan targets for the year 2030, a full decade ahead of the proposed schedule. Emission reductions are expected to continue and accelerate into the future.
Mr. Patrick discussed the commitment of LG&E and KU, together with its parent company PPL, to reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 70% by 2040 and by 80% by 2050. Also reviewed were LG&E and KU’s renewable energy infrastructure including hydroelectric plants, solar installations, and energy storage capabilities. The company has operated two hydroelectric facilities, Ohio Falls and Dix Dam, since the 1920s. In 2016, LG&E and KU built Kentucky’s largest solar farm and installed its largest lithium-ion battery. The presentation covered LG&E and KU's expansion of solar offerings and concluded with a review of strategies for lowering costs and improving solar integration by utilizing the natural environment and incorporating native plants, pollinator habitats, and using sheep for vegetation management.
SPARK Lab Extends Research on Electric Machines and Drives with Regal Beloit Company
March 22, 2021
The SPARK Laboratory, which is affiliated with the Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky (PEIK) and operates within the Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Department at the University of Kentucky (UK) College of Engineering, has recently expanded its collaboration with Regal Beloit Corp. through the continuation of a multi-year sponsored research project. Regal, which is headquartered in Beloit, WI, is one of the largest electric motor manufacturers in the world, and a Fortune 1000 company with international operations and over 25,000 employees. The two organizations have very successfully collaborated over the last five years.
At UK, Dr. Dan M. Ionel, ECE Professor and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, Director of the SPARK Lab and of the PEIK Institute, serves as the principal investigator (PI) for the project leading a team of students and postdoctoral researchers on topics of advanced analysis, simulation and optimization of special electric machines and power electronic drives. Example joint publications include: "Evaluating the Effects of Electric and Magnetic Loading on the Performance of Single- and Double-Rotor Axial-Flux PM Machines," by Narges Taran, Greg Heins, Vandana Rallabandi, Dean Patterson, and Dan M. Ionel in IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications, Vol. 56, No. 4, doi: 10.1109/TIA.2020.2983632, pp. 3488-3497 (2020). This paper describes the design and demonstration of one of the highest efficiency ever reported electric motors for 3/4hp at 1,050rpm typical ratings (see photo). A collection of publications in authors’ manuscript versions is available from the SPARK Lab website.
PEIK Faculty and KIAC Director, Don Colliver, Named Co-chair of New ASHRAE Task Force for Building Decarbonization
March 10, 2021
PEIK faculty, Biosystems Engineering faculty Professor, and KIAC Director, Don Colliver, has been appointed co-chair of the ASHRAE Task Force for Building Decarbonization. Twenty five states, many US cities (including Louisville, KY), and many countries have set goals for carbon reduction. Buildings contribute 40% of all carbon emissions. This international task force is charged with developing information to give guidance to countries on how to achieve their carbon reduction goals.
Don Colliver, ASHARE Fellow and Presidential Member (’02-03) and Director of the Kentucky Industrial Assessment Center, also served for ten years as Chairman of the Advanced Energy Design Guide Steering Committee consisting of AIA, ASHRAE, ISENA, USGBC and DOE that produced ten books with over 650,000 copies in circulation. Dr. Colliver’s research interests include Solar Energy, Sustainable Design and Construction, Climatic Design Conditions, and Energy Auditing.
Founded in 1894, ASHRAE is a global professional society of 55,000 members with 199 chapters worldwide. It is committed to serve humanity by advancing the arts and sciences of heating, ventilation, air conditioning, refrigeration and their allied fields. As an industry leader in research, standards writing, publishing, certification and continuing education, ASHRAE and its members are dedicated to promoting a healthy and sustainable built environment for all, through strategic partnerships with organizations in the HVAC&R community and across related industries. More information is available on the ASHRAE website.
Simone Silvestri, Computer Science and PEIK Faculty, Expands NSF CAREER Award with REU Supplement
February 25, 2021
Dr. Simone Silvestri, Computer Science Assistant Professor and PEIK Faculty, has received a Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) supplement expanding on the prestigious NSF CAREER Award received in 2020. The award entitled “Energy Management for Smart Residential Environments through Human-in-the-loop Algorithm Design”. In this award, Dr. Silvestri addresses the problem of reducing the energy consumption of the residential sector. This sector is responsible for more than 20% of the total energy consumption of the United States, and this amount has been constantly increasing for several decades. Smart residential environments (SREs) are a new paradigm that envisions homes equipped with smart appliances based on the paradigm of the Internet of Things. SREs offer tremendous potential to reduce the energy consumption of the residential sector; however, previous work in this context has largely overlooked the complexity of human behaviors and perceptions when interacting with such systems. In this award, Dr. Silvestri and his team take an innovative approach that merges computer science, electrical engineering, and social sciences to reduce the energy consumption of the residential sector through SREs.
The REU supplement will allow Elanor Sudduth, a CS undergraduate student, to be actively engaged, later this summer and throughout the next academic year, in research alongside PhD students and their faculty advisors.
PEIK Researchers Report in Journals on Utility Sponsored Successful Projects for Renewable and Distributed Energy Resources Power System Integration
January 28, 2021
Two papers have been published this month in high-circulation and impact peer-reviewed open access journals: “Study of Renewable Energy Penetration on a Benchmark Generation and Transmission System," in Energies, Vol. 14, and “Peak Reduction and Long Term Load Forecasting for Large Residential Communities including Smart Homes with Energy Storage”, IEEE Access, Vol. 9. The articles are available for open access from the Energies and IEEE Access websites, respectively. Authors’ manuscript versions are posted on the SPARK Laboratory website.
The success of the research reported and the papers greatly benefited of collaboration and support from large regional utilities Louisville Gas and Electric and Kentucky Utilities, LG&E and KU, and Tennessee Valley Authority, TVA. Authors and co-authors from the SPARK Lab within PEIK include Huangjie Gong, PhD candidate; Dr. Akeyo Seun, recent PhD graduate and now a Senior Engineer with Sargent and Lundy, LLC; Dr. Vandana Rallabandi, former postdoctoral researcher and now Lead Engineer with GE Research; and Dr. Dan M. Ionel, IEEE Fellow, ECE Professor and L. Stanley Pigman Chair, Director of the SPARK Lab and PEIK Institute.
Akeyo Oluwaseun of Sargent & Lundy and Recent UK PhD and PEIK Graduate Delivers IEEE Online Seminar on the Integration of Large PV Power Plants and Batteries
December 22, 2020
On December 17, 2020, Dr. Akeyo Oluwaseun, Senior Engineer at Sargent & Lundy, a global leading power and energy consulting firm headquartered in Chicago, IL, presented in a seminar organized by the IEEE Louisville Section. The talk was substantially based on two IEEE published papers on the topics, which were mentioned in a PEIK news earlier this month. Author’s manuscript versions of the papers are available from the SPARK Lab website at UK.
At Sargent & Lundy, Dr. Akeyo focuses on engineering modeling and simulation of electric power plants and high voltage transmission systems. He recently received the PhD in Electrical Engineering from the University of Kentucky (UK) and the PEIK graduate certificate. Dr. Akeyo’s doctoral research in the SPARK Lab at UK contributed to projects sponsored by Department of Energy (DOE) and in close collaboration with large utilities, especially Louisville Gas and Electric and Kentucky Utilities (LG&E and KU).
December 9, 2020
The Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky (PEIK) and the Kentucky Industrial Assessment Center (KIAC) have received the 2020 Community Environmental Luminary Award from the Kentucky Energy and Environment Cabinet (EEC). The EEC’s annual environmental awards of excellence were announced by Governor Andy Beshear and EEC Secretary Rebecca Goodman. The Community Environmental Luminary Award is given in recognition of outstanding achievements in education and outreach.
“These awards represent significant achievements in keeping Kentuckians healthy through better stewardship of the environment,” said Governor Beshear. “This is a time when we all need to do more to take better care of each other and this beautiful state that we live in.”
Housed within the University of Kentucky College of Engineering, PEIK was established in 2010 with multi-million-dollar support from the Department of Energy and continues its work with contributions and in collaboration with industry and utilities, community, and University. PEIK’s multidisciplinary faculty group from different departments within UK’s College of Engineering includes Drs. Yang-Tse Cheng, Don Colliver, Aaron Cramer, Paul Dolloff, Zongming Fei, Jiangbiao He, Larry Holloway, who served as founding PEIK Director, Nicholas Jewell, Jeffrey Seay, Dusan Sekulic, Simone Silvestri, and Vijay Singh. The Directors of the PEIK undergraduate and graduate certificates in power and energy are Drs. Joseph Sottile and Yuan Liao, respectively. Dr. Dan M. Ionel, Professor of Electrical Engineering and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, currently serves as PEIK Director.
PEIK offers UK students the opportunity to earn undergraduate and graduate certificates in power and energy. The course offerings from several departments, which range from understanding global energy issues to alternative and renewable energy systems, provide technical knowledge and laboratory experience, as well as learning on the broader economic, environmental and social impacts of power. PEIK averages more than 1,000 enrollments in power and energy courses each year and has awarded a record number of certificates, more than 100 in the last two years alone, being one of the largest certificate programs within the UK College of Engineering.
KIAC, which is affiliated with PEIK, sends teams of faculty members and engineering students to conduct manufacturing plant energy assessments and make recommendations for potential savings opportunities. Through Department of Energy funding, the energy assessments are conducted entirely free of charge. KIAC has saved more than 95 businesses almost $20 million, while providing significant reductions in energy use and contributing to environmental improvements and conservation. KIAC received the “National IAC of the Year” award in 2016. Mr. Jason Souders is the Program Coordinator for both PIEK and KIAC and Dr. Don Colliver, Professor in the UK Department of Biosystems and Agricultural Engineering, serves as KIAC Director.
December 3, 2020
Researchers from the SPARK group within the Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky (PEIK) and from Louisville Gas and Electric Company and Kentucky Utilities Company (LG&E and KU) have recently received from the IEEE Industry Applications Society (IAS), Renewable Energy Systems Committee, a Transactions Paper Award - Third Prize for the manuscript entitled "Incorporating Battery Energy Storage Systems into Multi-MW Grid Connected PV Systems", which was published in the flagship peer-reviewed journal IEEE Trans on IAS. Most recent research by the group has been just published in the widely circulated peer-reviewed IEEE Access journal in the paper "Parameter Identification for Cells, Modules, Racks, and Battery for Utility-Scale Energy Storage Systems". The Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) is the world's largest association of technical professionals with more than 400,000 members worldwide and the IAS is one of its large societies.
The publications are reflective of the strong collaboration between PEIK and LG&E and KU on timely topics of new technologies for renewable energy generation and storage in the electric power systems. Since 2018, the joint research group actively working on utility-scale large electric batteries and solar PV topics included at UK: Oluwaseun M. Akeyo, Ph.D. student, Vandana Rallabandi, Postdoctoral Researcher, and Dan M. Ionel, EE Professor and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, SPARK Lab and PEIK Institute Director, and at LG&E and KU: Nicholas Jewell, Senior Engineer, and Aron Patrick, Manager Technology Research and Analysis. Authors' versions of the technical papers are available from the SPARK Lab website.
SPARK and PEIK Collaborate with EPRI on the ENGAGE Distributed Energy Resources Project Funded by DOE
November 12, 2020
The SPARK research group affiliated with the Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky (PEIK) will participate in a newly awarded research project led by the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), in collaboration with utilities and industry, and funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). At EPRI, the large collaborative project is led by Dr. Aminul Huque, Principal Project Manager, and at UK, Dr. Dan M. Ionel, FIEEE, ECE Professor and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, SPARK and PEIK Director, serves as PI.
The research will develop and test an end-to-end aggregation and control architecture for Distributed Energy Resources (DER). The architecture would be designed to enable behind-the-meter (BTM) solar photovoltaic (PV) systems to be co-located with other DER to provide both bulk power and distribution grid services. The multi-institutional team will conduct advanced transmission, distribution, and DER simulations to validate the merit and performance of DER-provided services, and better estimate the potential need for network upgrades. The multi-year project is entitled “Enable BTM DER-provided Grid Services that Maximize Customer and Grid Benefits (ENGAGE)”, received a DOE award of $3 million and will additionally benefit of a $1.1 million cost-share budget contribution.
The SPARK and PEIK research contributions to the project will build upon expertise in DER optimization and co-simulation of smart homes and grids with the EnergyPlus and OpenDSS open-source software, as illustrated in recently published papers. These are available, in authors’ manuscript versions, from the SPARK Lab website, and include contributions by PEIK faculty, Drs. Dan M. Ionel and Don Colliver, and SPARK Lab Ph.D. and research students: Huangjie Gong, Evan S. Jones, and Rosemary E. Alden.
Electrical Engineering and PEIK Faculty Dr. Aaron Cramer Receives Grant from U.S. Navy Office of Naval Research
November 9, 2020
Electrical Engineering and PEIK Faculty Dr. Aaron Cramer, has been awarded a grant from the U.S. Navy Office of Naval Research. The new project seeks to advance the metric-based evaluation of control system performance by evaluating optimal-control-based system techniques, integrating of control-based evaluation with other system metrics, and assessing control implementation opportunities. Contributions in these areas will immediately improve the capability of control system evaluation and will ultimately lead to new techniques for the development of control systems for complex, multi-mission systems. The project will be funded for approx. $360,000 over three years.
Advances in shipboard power systems are creating new opportunities to apply energy to meet the mission needs of the warfighter, but the growing complexity of such systems is creating new challenges for the control systems that must govern them. Enhancements in analysis and design techniques will improve resource utilization, allowing the system to operate more efficiently and/or with greater performance.
October 23, 2020
Three PEIK and EE undergraduate students, Rosemary Alden, Hope Anderson, and Donovin Lewis have been each competitively awarded a 2020/2021 national IEEE Power and Energy Society (PES) Plus Initiative Scholarship. Rosemary (on the right in the photo taken during a recent Zoom online meeting) and Donovin (left in the photo), also received this yearly scholarship in 2019/2020. The two of them are University Scholars Program (USP) students in their senior BS year and will be continuing for Ph.D. studies at University of Kentucky. Their research this year is supported through an NSF REU and a NASA REU, respectively. Hope is a sophomore BS student, one of the youngest IEEE PES awardees, and her research this year is supported by the L. Stanley Pigman endowment. Each IEEE PES Scholarship recipient receives $2,000 and membership to IEEE PES.
These awards continue the success enjoyed in recent years by UK and PEIK students. Also included in the photo is Stewart Evan Jones, who received in 2017/2018 and 2018/2019 the IEEE PES national scholarship as an undergraduate USP student and is now a Ph.D. student and GAANN fellow at UK where he worked on research projects sponsored by large utilities TVA and LG&E and KU. All four students are part of the SPARK Lab affiliated with PEIK and are advised by Dr. Dan M. Ionel, IEEE Fellow, ECE Professor, L. Stanley Pigman in Power, SPARK and PEIK Director.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) is headquartered in New York City and is the world's largest association of technical professionals with more than 400,000 members. The Power and Energy Society (PES) is the oldest and one of the largest societies within the IEEE with approximately 40,000 members. Earlier this year, the EE and PEIK students have established a new chapter of IEEE PES at UK.
PEIK Researchers Participate in the Online IEEE ECCE 2020 Congress and Report on Government and Industry Sponsored Research
October 12, 2020
Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky (PEIK) and University of Kentucky (UK) College of Engineering faculty, including: Don Colliver, Aaron Cramer, Jiangbiao He, Dan M. Ionel, and Yuan Liao, and postdoctoral researcher Peng Han, together with research students, including: Oluwaseun Akeyo, Rosemary Alden, Huangjie Gong, Evan S. Jones, Murat Kesgin, Damien Lawhorn, Donovin Lewis, Pranoy Kumar Singha Roy, and Yibin Zhang contributed papers and presentations to the IEEE ECCE 2020 Congress and the IAS Annual Meeting. The papers cover topics of smart grids and homes, renewable energy devices and systems, energy storage, power electronics, electric machines, and recent research projects sponsored by the National Science Foundation (NSF), Department of Energy (DOE), and directly by industry and utilities, including: ANSYS, Inc., Regal Beloit Corp., Schneider Electric, and Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA).
The Energy Conversion Congress and Exhibition (ECCE) is the largest annual joint event of the IEEE Industry Applications and IEEE Power Electronics Societies, which typically attracts approximately 2,000 attendees. The Industry Applications Society (IAS) Annual Meeting was co-located with ECCE and the two events, which were originally scheduled for Detroit, MI, have been organized on-line due to pandemic conditions.
October 2, 2020
Over the last academic year, 2019-2020, UK College of Engineering awarded seven students with the graduate certificate in Power and Energy and one graduate certificate in the newly established online Power Systems graduate certificate program. The graduate certificate in Power and Energy provides students with state of the art knowledge in power and energy areas and shows the graduates dedication to this area of study. For more information about the graduate certificate visit https://www.engr.uky.edu/power/power-and-energy-institute-kentucky/education/graduate-certificate-power-and-energy
The Power Systems graduate certificate program is designed to provide students with the core knowledge and latest advancements in power systems analysis, modeling, operation, control, optimization, and integration of renewable energies, and produce well trained graduates in this specialty. For more information about the online Power Systems graduate certificate visit https://www.engr.uky.edu/power/power-and-energy-institute-kentucky/education/power-systems-online-graduate-certificate.
Dr. Yuan Liao, PEIK faculty and EE Professor, serves as the director for both graduate certificate programs. The high number of recently awarded certificates sets an annual record and is reflective of the strengthening of the graduate program in power and energy.
SPARK and PEIK Researchers Participate in the Online IEEE ICRERA 2020 Conference and Present on Progress with NSF, NASA, and Power Utility Sponsored Research
September 30, 2020
SPARK and PEIK researchers from University of Kentucky attended the 9th edition of the International Conference on Renewable Energy Research and Applications, ICRERA. The event was originally planned for Glasgow, Scotland, United Kingdom and, due to pandemic conditions, was held online on September 27-30, 2020. The ICRERA conferences typically attract large world-wide attendance with hundreds of participants. The program included many parallel sessions on specialized topics.
From UK, USP and PhD students Rosemary E. Alden, Donovin Lewis, and Evan S. Jones, authored and presented papers on timely topics of artificial intelligence applied to smart buildings and energy usage, electrification of transportation with a feasibility study for large cranes, and energy profiles for high efficiency buildings and solar PV distributed generators. The three research projects covered by the papers were sponsored by NSF, NASA, and Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), respectively. Paper co-authors from UK included PhD candidates Huangjie Gong and Damien Lawhorn, and faculty: Dr. Don Colliver, F-ASHRAE, BAE Professor, Director of KIAC, and Dr. Dan M. Ionel, FIEEE, ECE Professor and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, Director of SPARK and PEIK. Authors' versions of the manuscripts are available on the SPARK Lab website.
September 17, 2020
Dr. Joseph Sottile, Director of the Undergraduate Certificate in Power and Energy, Mining and Electrical Engineering Professor, together with Associate Professor Steven Schafrik and Mining Engineering Foundation Professor and Chair Zach Agioutantis, both in Mining Engineering, received a $650,000 contract from the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). The project, which will advance underground mine equipment autonomous operation, will span two years.
The research will focus on shuttle car navigation at, or near, the continuous miner during cutting and loading operations, because this represents a particularly hazardous situation. The main objective is to develop autonomous navigation concepts for navigating a shuttle car from the continuous miner change point to the continuous miner coal-discharge conveyor under various situations representing realistic mining conditions. These developments will be demonstrated with a shuttle car and continuous miner in a realistic environment. The results of the project will enhance miner health and safety, and the concepts developed are expected to be applicable to other mining applications.
Electrical Engineering and PEIK Undergraduate Researcher, Rosemary Alden, Receives Best Poster Award at 2020 IEEE PES GM
August 28, 2020
Rosemary E. Alden, a Senior Electrical Engineering (EE) Bachelor and Science (BS) and University Scholars Program (USP) student, was recently awarded the First Prize in the Undergraduate Student Poster Contest organized during the 2020 IEEE Power and Energy Society (PES) General Meeting (GM). The conference, which is the flagship annual event of PES, one of the largest societies within IEEE, typically gathers more than 2,500 participants. This year’s edition was originally scheduled for Montreal, Canada and was held online due to the pandemic conditions.
The award-winning poster, “Tradeoffs in Forecasting of Residential Electric Loads with Data from Smart Meters and Intelligent Circuit Breakers”, covers Rosemary’s most recent research on advanced topics of smart buildings and grids. Last year, her earlier work on smart plugs for electric power monitoring was published in an IEEE conference proceedings paper at ICRERA 2019 and also received at UK an Honorable Mention in the Oswald Undergraduate Research Competition. Rosemary is a national IEEE PES Plus Initiative Scholar and currently serves as the Chair for the new IEEE PES Student Chapter at UK.
As an USP student, Rosemary is integrating her BS and PhD studies, and is also pursuing the PEIK certificate. Her research in the current academic year will be supported by an NSF REU supplement to the collaborative project “Crosslayer Optimization of Energy and Cost through Unified Modeling of User Behavior and Storage in Multiple Buildings”, which is led at UK by Drs. Simone Silvestri and Dan M. Ionel and at Marquette University by Dr. Cris Ababei. Rosemary started her research at UK in the fall of 2018 in the SPARK Laboratory and is advised by Dr. Dan M. Ionel, FIEEE, ECE Professor, L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, and PEIK Director.
Dan M. Ionel, PEIK Director and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, Receives the Veinott Award from the IEEE Power and Energy Society
August 7, 2020
Dan M. Ionel, Ph.D., IEEE Fellow, Professor of Electrical Engineering and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, has received the prestigious Cyril G. Veinott Award. This is the highest distinction for electromechanical energy conversion, conferred to only one individual each year, by the IEEE Power and Energy Society (PES), which has approximately 40,000 members and is one of the largest societies within the IEEE, the world’s largest technical professional organization dedicated to advancing technology. The Veinott Award is normally presented at the annual IEEE PES General Meeting, which this year was scheduled in Montreal, Canada, but due to current pandemic conditions was held online.
Dr. Ionel, who joined UK in 2015, currently teaches EGR 240 - Global Energy Issues, a core requirement for the Power and Energy Undergraduate Certificate, and a very popular class with almost 200 student enrollments each year. He also teaches advanced undergraduate and graduate EE elective courses at the 500 and 600 level on topics of renewable energy, electric power systems, electric and hybrid vehicles and aircrafts.
His immediate research group, the SPARK Laboratory, is working on projects with a total multi-million dollar budget sponsored by NSF, DOE, NASA, and directly by industry and power utilities, and includes more than 10 researchers, most of whom are PhD students. Dr. Ionel is currently developing the new SPARKS Laboratories, which are located in the recently modernized Grehan Hall, and benefit of large support from the university, industry, utilities, and private donors.
Since 2015, together with his research students and collaborators, Dr. Ionel co-authored more than 100 journal and conference papers, on topics of alternative and renewable energy technologies, battery energy storage, electric machines and power electronic drives, electric power systems, smart grids and buildings, and 3 books, including “Renewable Energy Devices and Systems – Simulations with MATLAB and ANSYS” published by CRC Press.
More information and Dr. Ionel’s acceptance speech for the Veinott Award are available on the SPARK website (http://sparklab.engr.uky.edu/). At UK, Dr. Ionel also serves as the Director of the Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky (PEIK) (https://www.engr.uky.edu/power), a multi-disciplinary organization with more than 15 affiliated faculty from different Departments of UK’s College of Engineering.
IEEE Power and Energy Society 2020 General Meeting - SPARK and PEIK Student Presentations and Best Poster Award
August 7, 2020
This week, SPARK and PEIK researchers participated in the largest annual conference of the IEEE Power and Energy Society. The event, which typically gathers approximately 3,000 participants and was originally scheduled for Montreal, Canada, was held online due to the pandemic conditions.
UK students presented on research sponsored by large utilities and by the National Science Foundation (NSF), respectively:
- Akeyo, O.M., Patrick, A., and Ionel, D.M., “Study of Large Solar PV Penetration on a Proposed Generation and Transmission Benchmark System”
- Gong, H., Jones, S.E., and Ionel, D.M., “An Aggregated and Equivalent Home Model for Power System Studies with Examples of Building Insulation and HVAC Control Improvements”
- Alden, R., Ababei, C., and Ionel, D.M., “Tradeoffs in Forecasting of Residential Electric Loads with Data from Smart Meters and Intelligent Circuit Breakers”.
All presentations were very well received. Rosemary Alden’s work was awarded the First Prize in the Undergraduate Student Poster Contest. Rosemary, who is a University Scholar Program student is integrating her BS and PhD studies at UK, and her research in the next academic year will be supported by an NSF REU supplement.
The image accompanying this article was taken at UK E-Day in February, prior to the implementation of social distancing guidelines. From left to right, students: Evan S. Jones, Damien L. Lawhorn, Rosemary E. Alden, Akeyo M. Oluwaseun M, and Huangjie Gong, all advised by Dan M. Ionel, Ph.D, IEEE Fellow, ECE Professor and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, SPARK and PEIK Director.
July 30, 2020
Over the last academic year, 2019-2020, UK awarded 39 students with the Undergraduate Certificate in Power and Energy. This certificate program consists of a series of foundational courses supplemented by a broad array of elective courses related to power and energy developed to prepare the students for a successful career in industry and the electric utilities. The list of majors for the students who were issued the certificate this year includes Chemical and Materials Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Mining Engineering. A total of 130 students have received the Undergraduate Certificate in Power and Energy over the last three years.
Recently, the UK College of Engineering has awarded 16 E.ON Scholarships for PEIK to eligible students who demonstrated strong interest in power and energy studies. These annual scholarships that continue to be supported by the endowment established years ago at UK by E.ON, on behalf of Kentucky Utilities, provide recipients between $2,000 and $3,000 annually and may also grant an additional $2,000 for use on a power and energy related study abroad trip during the school year or the following summer.
Louisville Gas and Electric and Kentucky Utilities (LG&E and KU) continue to be strong supporters of UK and PEIK teaching, research, and outreach programs. For more information on the Undergraduate Certificate in Power and Energy scholarships, visit the PEIK website [PEIK Undergraduate Certificate Webpage] and [PEIK Scholarship Webpage].
July 8, 2020
PEIK and LG&E and KU have recently expanded their collaboration program with a sponsored research project to include, alongside the integration of large solar PV power plants in the generation and transmission system, new topics of electric power distribution and smart grid technologies. Mr. Aron Patrick, Manager of Technology Research and Analytics for LG&E and KU, serves as the industrial project lead, and Dr. Dan M. Ionel, ECE Professor, L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, and PEIK Director, is the project PI at University of Kentucky.
Over the last year, the PEIK and LG&E and KU researchers successfully analyzed the impact of large PV penetration on the companies’ generation portfolio. Using historical solar irradiance profiles from multiple sites distributed across the state of Kentucky, the study was able to estimate the maximum amount of intermittent renewable energy sources the service area can sustain without the need for significant upgrades to the existing infrastructure. This work can be adopted for vast utility applications including specifications for new generation units, utility-scale energy storage capacity requirements, and necessary transmission line upgrades for increased solar PV penetration.
LGE&E and KU and PEIK also collaborate on teaching with lectures and demonstrations by utility experts for the multidisciplinary core required class for the Power and Energy certificate at University of Kentucky, EGR 240 “Global Energy Issues”, and contributions to the advanced engineering classes on special topics of electric power engineering. The two organizations also work together on professional and STEM outreach in support of the regional community.
SPARK and PEIK Researchers Report on DOE and NASA Sponsored Projects at the IEEE ITEC 2020 Conference
June 29, 2020
SPARK and PEIK researchers attended last week the IEEE ITEC 2020 Conference, which was held online, and reported on progress and achievements on two projects sponsored by DOE and NASA, respectively. Huangjie Gong and Damien Lawhorn, ECE PhD candidates, presented their papers: "Optimization of Aggregated EV Power in Residential Communities with Smart Homes" and "A Network Graph Technique for the Design of Electric Aircraft Power Systems", which are co-authored by their PhD advisor, Dr. Dan M. Ionel, ECE Professor and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, SPARK and PEIK Director. Authors' versions of the manuscripts are available on the SPARK Lab website.
June 26, 2020
On June 25, 2020 Rodger Reiswig, Fellow and Vice President of Industry Relations for Johnson Controls presented on the topics of power over ethernet and related impacts on industry codes and standards. The seminar also covered the convergence of these topics with the life safety industry, systems integration, and user interaction and specifically how regulations and procedures must adapt to allow technological developments. The presentation concluded with a future outlook on how the internet of things is expected to impact the life safety industry.
June 11, 2020
The excellent progress of College of Engineering students and their achievements have been recently recognized at UK and nationally. The list of our new awardees includes:
• Rosemary Alden, H. Alex Romanowitz Memorial Award from the ECE Department and National Science Foundation REU Student
• Trevor Arvin, ECE Research Symposium Best BS Student Presentation
• Tyler Cultice, ECE Undergraduate Research Fellowship
• Damien Lawhorn, ECE Research Symposium Best PhD Student Presentation
• Donovin Lewis, ECE Undergraduate Research Fellowship
• Ben Luckett, Robert L. Cosgriff Award from the ECE Department
• Nelson Penn, National Science Foundation REU Student
• Eura Shin, National Science Foundation Graduate Fellowship.
The students have worked with their faculty advisors, Drs. Jiangbiao He, Dan M. Ionel, Simone Silvestri, and Himanshu Thapliyal on topics of power and energy.
Dr. Joseph Sottile, PEIK Director of Undergraduate Studies, announced that more than thirty PEIK certificates will be issued this year. The E.On scholarships for PEIK will be awarded later this summer by UK College of Engineering.
June 10, 2020
The National Science Foundation (NSF) project: “Crosslayer Optimization of Energy and Cost through Unified Modeling of User Behavior and Storage in Multiple Buildings”, which has been awarded last year to PEIK researchers, Dr. Simone Silvestri, CS Assistant Professor, and Dr. Dan M. Ionel, ECE Professor, L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power and PEIK Director, as PI and co-PI, respectively, has been recently expanded with a Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU) supplement. This will allow UK undergraduate and University Scholars Program students in CS, Nelson Penn, and in EE, Rosemary Alden, to be actively engaged, later this summer and throughout the next academic year, in research alongside PhD students and their faculty advisors.
This NSF project studies newly proposed transformative concepts of "human-in-the-loop", social-behavioral models, machine learning, and large-scale modeling of buildings and electric power distribution systems, leading to the development of highly efficient and reliable smart homes and grids. The research is expected to also strengthen PEIK's partnership with regional utilities, the Electric Power Research Institute (EPRI), and National Labs.
May 29, 2020
On May 28, 2020, Keith Waters, Industry Standards Manager at Schneider Electric presented on the topic of performance standards of Energy Storage Systems (ESS) used to supply secure power to larger systems. The seminar focused on the NFPA 70 (National Electric Code) Articles 705 (Interconnected Electric Power Production); 706 (Energy Storage Systems); and 710 (Stand Alone Systems). Also included was a brief overview of the current state of NEC adoption. The seminar concluded with a brief discussion of other standards that will impact ESS codes/standards’ future.
Computer Science and PEIK Undergraduate Researcher, Eura Shin, Receives National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship
May 20, 2020
Eura Shin, a recent computer science BS graduate, has been selected to receive a National Science Foundation (NSF) Graduate Research Fellowship. NSF Fellows receive a three-year annual stipend of $34,000 along with a $12,000 cost of education allowance for tuition and fees for a research-based master's or doctoral degree in a STEM field. Annually, the NSF awards approximately 1,500 fellowships from an applicant pool of over 12,000.
Shin, a Lewis Honors College member from Morehead, Kentucky, will pursue a PhD in computer science at Harvard University. Since the spring 2017 semester, Eura worked with computer science assistant professor and PEIK faculty, Simone Silvestri, on research projects related to machine learning and artificial intelligence (AI) for energy in smart homes and grids.
April 21, 2020
On April 20, 2020, Remi Bolduc, Competency Centre Manager at Schneider Electric, presented on topics of high frequency components of voltage and current low voltage distribution networks. The seminar reviewed the nature of harmonics, how they are generated, and how to quantify them. Other subjects included the main harmonic standard in North America (IEEE 519-2014), directly relevant utilities grid code requirements, and available harmonic mitigation solutions. The presentation was concluded with a discussion on active harmonic filtering followed by a Q&A session.
April 7, 2020
The SPARK Laboratory, which is affiliated with the Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky (PEIK) and operates within the Electrical and Computer Engineering (ECE) Department at the University of Kentucky (UK) College of Engineering, has recently expanded its collaboration with QM Power, Inc through the award of a multi-year directly sponsored project. QM Power, a start-up company based in Kansas City, MO, had its initial research and development supported, among others, by the Department of Energy (DOE), NASA, and the Office of Naval Research (ONR), and more recently successfully raised substantial private investment capital. SPARK and QM Power already collaborate on a DOE sponsored project for the future generation of machines and drives for electric vehicles.
Dr. Dan M. Ionel, ECE Professor and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, Director of the SPARK Lab and of the PEIK Institute, will serve at UK as the principal investigator (PI) for the project leading a team of researchers. At QM Power, Mr. Joe Flynn, principal inventor and CTO, and Dr. Hari Harikumar, CEO, will serve as the technical and business project leads, respectively. The new project will analyze and optimize some of QM Power's innovative and patented technologies and designs by employing the SPARK Group premier expertise in electric machines and drives, low frequency electromagnetics, and applied evolutionary computational intelligence.
University of Kentucky and PEIK Measures Related to Coronavirus (COVID-19)
April 1, 2020
In response to the COVID-19 outbreak, University of Kentucky in-person events have been cancelled or postponed. This includes our planned spring PEIK Distinguished Speaker seminars, as well as student and faculty field visits to power and energy utility and industrial sites. Instruction has now moved online with more details being available on UK’s dedicated website.
March 24, 2020
Dr. Simone Silvestri joined the Computer Science Department within the College of Engineering at University of Kentucky as an Assistant Professor in 2017 and shortly afterwards he also become a PEIK faculty member. Dr. Silvestri recently received the prestigious National Science Foundation Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Award. The award recognizes and supports early-career faculty who have the potential to serve as role models in research and education and to lead advances in the mission of their academic organizations.
The project for this NSF CAREER award is entitled "Energy Management for Smart Residential Environments through Human-in-the-loop Algorithm Design". The residential sector is responsible for more than 20% of the total energy consumption of the United States, and this amount has been constantly increasing for several decades. Smart residential environments (SREs) are a new paradigm that envisions homes equipped with smart appliances based on the paradigm of the Internet of Things. SREs offer tremendous potential to reduce the energy consumption of the residential sector; however, previous work in this context has largely overlooked the complexity of human behaviors and perceptions when interacting with such systems.
The award will support Dr. Silvestri’s long term research goal of laying the foundations for a new field of study at the intersection of computer science and social sciences, where social-behavioral theories and models are integrated into new algorithmic, machine learning and optimization solutions for cyber-physical systems to specifically consider user behaviors, perceptions and psychological processes in the design and operation of these systems. The research will enable further development of collaboration with faculty from different academic organizations and with PEIK’s industrial and utility partners.
March 5, 2020
A new IEEE Student Branch Chapter of the Power and Energy Society (PES) and of the Industry Application Society (IAS) has been recently established at UK following a formal process initiated last fall by a group of enthusiastic undergraduate and graduate ECE and PEIK students. The chapter was approved by the IEEE international organization in late December and started its activities at UK in the current spring semester.
The newly elected executive committee members of the student chapter, who were photographed after the 2020 E-Day at UK, are: Evan S. Jones, Damien Lawhorn, Rosemary Alden, Oluwaseun Akeyo and Huangjie Gong (left to right). Dr. Dan M. Ionel, IEEE Fellow, ECE Professor and L. Stanley Pigman Chair in Power, SPARK and PEIK Director, serves as the faculty advisor. Together with other members of the chapter, the students directly supported the stands and demonstrations of PEIK and LG&E and KU, which attracted record attendance. In addition to active participation in outreach initiatives, the students also plan other events for professional development and networking with the wider engineering community.
The Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) is the world's largest association of technical professionals with more than 400,000 members worldwide. At UK, the new PES and IAS Chapter further develops the tradition of the IEEE Student Branch that has been very active and successful for many years and reflects the growing number of students and the strong interest in electric power engineering.
February 27, 2020
On Saturday February 22nd, PEIK’s and LG&E and KU’s joint exhibit stands at the Engineering Day, E-Day, which were organized in the atrium of the RGAN Hall, attracted a record number of visitors. Altogether, this annual edition of the UK College of Engineering event had approximately 3,000 attendees.
New this year, were the PEIK and LG&E and KU collaboration with undergraduate and graduate student members of the IEEE Power and Energy Society (PES) and Industry Applications Society (IAS) joint chapter newly established at UK, and an electric city model built by the students. Faculty and students also demonstrated older displays, which were back by popular demand, including the full-size electric bike with flashing lights and computer tablet interface, the "world's largest wind turbine" – an enlarged and modified Lego replica of Vestas V-164, a levitating and wireless supplied electric bulb, a Faraday flashlight, and a video with aerial views of real-life utility-size power systems and renewable energy installations, including Kentucky's largest electric battery and solar PV LG&E and KU power plant.
February 17, 2020
Two CS students working with PEIK Faculty Simone Silvestri on energy related projects have recently received awards and recognition for their research.
Eura has worked with Dr. Silvestri since 2017 on energy management systems based on machine learning and artificial intelligence. She has also published a paper that appeared in the proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on COMmunication Systems & NETworkS (COMSNETS), 2020, and another paper that is currently under review. Thanks to this work, Eura won a prestigious Barry Goldwater Scholarship and received the Honorable Mention for the Computing Research Association's (CRA) Outstanding Undergraduate Researcher Award for 2020. Eura plans to earn a Ph.D. in computer science and pursue a position as a professor of computer science.
Seun Adekunle, a high school student from the Paul Laurence Dunbar High School, has worked with Dr. Silvestri on a project to interface a smart outlet with a web server and a smart phone application. Seun won the second place for his poster at the KY State Science Fair, Energy: Physical category.
January 29, 2020
The Power and Energy Institute of Kentucky, PEIK, which this year celebrates its 10th anniversary since being established with support from a large DOE grant, will be setting up new laboratories on UK’s campus in the newly modernized Grehan Hall. Recently, this building has been undergoing major renovations to serve as an expansion for the fast growing UK College of Engineering. The additional 45,000 square feet of building space includes allocation for new PEIK laboratories covering research topics of alternative and renewable energy technologies, battery energy storage, electric machines and power electronic drives, electric power systems, smart grids and buildings. PEIK's developments benefit of large support from the university, industry, utilities, and private donors.