Easy Edit Menu:
From the IC Palettes menu click on Easy Edit. This
causes the IC Palette to be replaced by an edit menu which contains many editing
functions that you may need.
Many of these functions are explained
below. Additional edit functions can be found in the Expert Edit palette
like the Move Edge tool described below.
LMB below refers to 'left mouse button'.
Click on Shapes in this menu. A pop up dialog box
appears on the bottom of the layout window. It indicates the current command
that has been invoked. On the layer palette in the upper right hand corner of
the IC Station window, click on the metal1 (CMF) layer with the LMB. This
selects metal1 as the current layer for the next shape to be drawn. In the
layout edit window you now see that the cursor has change shape to a cross.
Keeping the LMB pressed, drag the mouse till you satisfactorily draw the
shape. You should see a blue highlighted rectangle. To unselect this shape,
press the F2 key. To reselect this shape place the cursor on the shape and press
the F1 key.
In general, F1 selects the nearest unselected shape
whereas F2 unselects all selected objects. To clearly identify a selected shape
it is always highlighted.
If you erroneously enter an incorrect shape, select
it and then click the LMB on Delete in the Easy Edit menu. Click on OK in the
dialog box that appears at the bottom of the window. This causes the selected
shape to be deleted. You can also simply hit the Delete key on
your keypad and everything selected will be deleted.
You can undo the previous operation by clicking on the Undo in the
palette. You can also, while you mouse is over the layout window, just
type 'undo' and hit Enter.
Select the shape to be copied. Then click on Copy in
the Easy Edit menu. Click on OK in the dialog box and you should then see a
ghost image of the selected shape, which is dragged about with the mouse. Place
it at the correct location and click the LMB to fix the position of the copy.
You will still see the ghost image and so if you wish you can copy it to yet
another place. When you are done copying press the F2 key and all copied shapes
will appear in their new locations.
Rel Copy is used to copy the selected shape for the
known displacement along X and Y axes. Select the shape, click ‘rel copy’ ,
fill in the offset values and click ok.
This feature is similar to copy except that the
original shape does not stay in place. Place F2 at the end of the move to fix
the location of the shape. Rel Move can be used if you desire to move along
known displacement along X and Y axes. Select the shape, click ‘rel move’
and fill in the offset values and click ok.
This feature is used to edit shapes that are in the
right place but are of the wrong shape or size. Select a shape using F1. Assume
that the shape is smaller along one dimension than it needs to be. Click on
Notch in the Easy Edit menu. Click OK in the dialog box. Now, position the
cursor on the boundary of the selected shape and keeping the LMB pressed, drag
the cursor to form a box that represents say the additional size that the shape
needed to be. Release the mouse button and you should see that the shape has now
increased to the desired size. You can similarly reduce sizes , add different
shapes etc. using the Notch command. The one important thing to keep in mind is
that before notching i.e. dragging the mouse with the left button pressed - you
must position the mouse on the edge of the selected shape.
This feature is used to increase or decrease
dimension of an edge. Click on Stretch in the Easy Edit menu. Select an edge.
Drag the edge with your LHM to the desired position.
Any shape can be flipped about any axis. Select the
layer or an area, click flip in the easy edit palette and with LHM presses, draw
the axis about which the shape needs to be flipped.
Select the area to be aligned to a target object.
Click ‘align’. This changes the mouse pointer, that when clicked at the
target object pops up a window as shown. Select the directions of source and
target objects to be aligned and if needed, fill in the offset value. Click ok.
Select the shape to be rotated and click
‘Rotate’. A dialog box appears at the bottom of the screen and the angle to
which the selected shape to be rotated is to be written. Click ok.
Expert Edit menu:
A useful feature in the expert edit menu is the move
edge function, MVED+.
It functions as both stretch and move command. By selecting a edge of a polygon,
the MVED+ function as
“stretch”. On the other hand, by selecting the whole polygon, MVED+ function
as “move”. Once you turn on MVED, clicking on the screen
will no longer select the nearest object, but it will select the nearest
edge, It's confusing at first, but many people find a combination of MVED
and notch will do almost all edit functions needed.
the Layer Palette:
shapes is one of the most common activities, but selecting layers from the ADD
SH dialog box can be cumbersome. To ease this task, you can add a layer
palette at the right hand top corner of the screen which contains all of
the layers you need and can be easily edited to add/remove other layers.
From the main menu, select
Layers > Show layer palette
dialog box that appears you will see a list of
all the layers for the chosen process. Scroll down the list to find the
layers you will need. First, select layer number 42 i.e. N_W,
click it and by holding the control key (on the keyboard), select the other
layers you need (from layer number 43 to 49). Once all the layers from 42 to 49
are selected, click ‘OK’.
you happen to miss selecting few layers in your first attempt or you need any
additional layers, you can always go to
Layers > Append to the layer palette
which opens up the same dialog box and you can add additional layers to the
existing palette by selecting them as explained above and clicking
layer palette is chosen, it appears at the right hand top corner of the screen
above the easy edit menu as shown here to the right.
at any point you wish to hide/delete the layer palette, go to
Other > Layers > Hide layer
and it disappears.
layer palette is used to pre-select the layer that will be drawn when you use
Easy Edit >
command to add a shape to your layout window. Just click on the
desired layer from the layer palette, click on Shape in the palette, and
start drawing the layer you want.
To use any
of these commands, simply type them in the cell window. A prompt bar will appear
with your command in it.
a poly contact; places a poly contact centered at the current cursor
a port contact; creates a port and places it where you click.
an n-well contact; creates and places an n-well contact on the standard
cell power rails.
a p-well contact; creates and places p-well contact on the standard cell
a poly path of width 2 (minimum width); Prompts you to place a poly path.
a metal1 path of width 3 (minimum width); Prompts you to place a metal1
unconstrained; Moves the selected object(s).
mask extraction for AMI 0.5; This command scripts the extraction to a
specific location that probably does not exist at your site. Modify this
command if you wish to use it.
metal1 blockages; This command will remove all metal1 blockages in your
cell process to AMI 0.5
cell; save the cell and then reserve the cell.
unplaced ports; If LVS reports unplaced ports but you see that they are
all placed from your schematic, the database might have duplicate ports.
This command will remove them.
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